What Causes Gum Recession?
After brushing, you check your teeth and gums in the mirror and you notice something unusual. It’s either your teeth have become longer or your gums have become smaller.
What’s happening here? The answer: gum recession.
Gum recession is a condition wherein the area where the teeth and gums meet pulls back. When this happens, more of the tooth becomes exposed. This also creates what a Prescott, AZ dentist calls pockets which can leave your teeth and gums vulnerable to the build-up of bacteria. Left unchecked, gum recession can lead to damage to the supporting tissues and bones, and eventually, tooth loss.
Gum recession is fairly common and most people do not know they have receding gums until the condition has progressed to a more advanced stage.
There are, however, a few signs that indicate that a person has receding gums. These include increased tooth sensitivity and longer-looking teeth.
What causes gum recession?
There are several possible causes of gum recession.
Periodontal or gum disease is the leading cause of gum recession.
This bacterial infection destroys both the gum tissues and the supporting bones of the teeth.
Another common cause of this condition is poor oral hygiene.
If you fail to properly and regularly brush and floss your teeth, plaque can easily build up in your mouth and eventually form into tartar.
But sometimes, too much of a good thing can be bad. Take brushing, for example. If you brush your teeth too hard or if you do not brush your teeth properly, you risk wearing away the enamel on your teeth and cause your gums to recede.
Some people have receding gums simply because they are genetically predisposed to suffer from this condition.
According to some estimates, about 30 percent of people will get receding gums even if they take great care of their teeth and gums.
Pregnant, menopausal, and young girls undergoing puberty are also vulnerable to gum recession as changes in their hormones adversely affect their gum tissues.
Cigarette smokers and people who use tobacco products are also highly likely to have receding gums. This is because these people have more plaque on their teeth which can cause gum recession.
If you have bite problems or crooked teeth, you are leaving yourself vulnerable to gum recession if you do not seek the appropriate treatment. Your condition places too much force on the gums and bones which may cause recession. The same thing can happen to people who clench and grind their teeth.
Gum recession may also be caused by piercings on the lip or tongue. When your body piercing jewelry rubs against your gums, this can cause irritation and eventually gum recession.
Gum recession is a serious concern and you should immediately see your dentist for the appropriate treatment.