Overview of the Different Types of Tooth Discoloration
Tooth discoloration can be attributed to a wide variety of causes. And often, each of these causes can lead to a particular discoloration. Here, a Prescott, AZ dentist provides an overview of the different types of discoloration.
This is the most common type of discoloration and is attributed to aging and the development and thickening of the enamel’s dentin layer. Sometimes, bruxism (or the act of unconsciously grinding one’s teeth) can hasten the formation of dentin. In other cases, poor oral hygiene can lead to the accumulation of both plaque and extrinsic stains which leads to the familiar yellowish hue on the teeth’s surface. In this type of discoloration, the recommended type of treatment is bleaching.
Brown spots or stains can be attributed to different causes like tooth decay, enamel demineralization, some types of foods and beverages, and dental restoration failure.
Brown spots, which are found below the surface of the tooth, are known as intrinsic stains. Intrinsic stains often come as a result of a person undergoing antibiotic treatment while his or her teeth are still forming. Excessive fluoride consumption, childhood diseases and trauma can also cause intrinsic stains.
Brown extrinsic stains, on the other hand, are often caused by the consumption of dark colored beverages like coffee and soda as well as the tar found in cigarette smoke. Extrinsic stains can be removed through professional dental cleaning, proper oral hygiene, and by cutting back your consumption of dark colored drinks and tobacco products.
If your teeth have a grayish tint, that may probably be caused by the incorporation of dark pigmented molecules to the dentin and enamel while your teeth were still forming. This type of tooth discoloration can often be attributed to the use of the antibiotics known as tetracycline.
Freckles on the teeth
If you notice brownish-gray spots on your teeth, you might have fluorosis or enamel hypoplasia.
White spots on teeth can sometimes be an early indicator of tooth decay. This occurs when the acids from both plaque and the food you eat dissolve the enamel, which leads to a noticeable etched appearance on the teeth. Other causes of white spots are fluorosis and enamel hypoplasia.
This is just a brief overview of the different types of discoloration. In order to ascertain what the true cause of your teeth’s discoloration is, as well as to determine the best treatment option, you should schedule a visit to your Prescott Valley dentist.